The Gender Gap in College: Maximizing the Developmental Potential of Women and Men

The Gender Gap in College: Maximizing the Developmental Potential of Women and Men  
Linda J. Sax, Alexander W. Astin (Foreword by), Helen S. Astin (Foreword by)
ISBN: 978-0-7879-6575-4
352 pages
September 2008 

Linda J. Sax is an associate professor in the Graduate School of Education and Information Studies at UCLA, where she serves as founding faculty director of the master's program in student affairs.


Drawing on data from a sample of approximately 17,000 male and female students that represent 200 institutions, The Gender Gap in College examines the impact of college experiences, peer groups, and faculty on a comprehensive array of student outcomes. Author Linda Sax’s approach is unique because she directly examines the interaction between gender and a variety of college experiences, a major inquiry which addresses the fundamental “individualization” question: do women and men respond differently to a given educational experience? The areas covered in the book include academic achievement, self-concept, life goals, career development, physical and emotional health, political and social attitudes, and satisfaction with college.


1. Introduction.

2. Gender Differences among Entering College Students (Emily Arms and Casey Eznekier).

3. Gender and College Student Development (Alyssa N. Bryant).

4. Approaches to Studying Gender and College Impact.

5. Personality and Identity.

6. Political and Social Values.

7. Academic Outcomes.

8. Where Should We Go from Here? Implications of the Gender Gap for Campus Practice and Future Research.

Appendix A: Review of Research on Separate-Gender College Effects.

Appendix B: Analytical Approach Used for Separate-Gender Regressions.

Appendix C: Changes in the Gender Gap during College.

Appendix D: Squared Multiple Correlations, by Gender.